عنوان مقاله [English]
Phenomenology has been utilize in research related to holy affairs (including religion and mysticism). As a consequence of philosophical phenomenology, the most important features of the phenomenology of religion are description against the analysis, intuition of essence, suspension, avoidance of dogma and empathy. The dimension of "empathy" in the phenomenology of religion and mysticism are more applicable than philosophical phenomenology. Phenomenology of empathy is a phenomenological description of the subject from the perspective of the believer. Anne Marie Schimmel, by emphasizing the dimension of the understanding and sympathy of phenomenology, has rescued himself from the scientific presumptions and monopolistic theories with the influence of his professor Friedrich Hayler's religious studies, in order to better understand mysticism and Islam. This influence rests mostly on comparative theology and mysticism, and is apparently based on the essence of the religion of unity of religion, prayer, and emphasis on immediate and living manifestations. In Anne Marie Schimel's studies, the emphasis on affection and empathy has been strongly emphasized by the apparent emergence and evolution of phenomena in the social customs of Muslims and followers of Sufism. On the other hand, sometimes because of the descriptive dimension of phenomena and lack of causal and analytical foundations, as well as its reliance on the researcher's personal emotional perceptions, Shimmel's research cannot be universal, persuasive, and enjoy scientific explanation.